System of evaluation of students in the college
In many degree organizations throughout the world, they normally use a four-point system for assessing students’ knowledge, abilities and abilities: «excellent», «good», «satisfactory» and «unsatisfactory».
Comprehending the meaning of points
The assessment «excellent» deserves a student who’s got found comprehensive, systematic and deep knowledge, the capability to independently perform the tasks supplied by this program, familiar with the primary and extra literary works, suggested by this system. Such an assessment also requires the mastering associated with relationship involving the basic ideas of control and their significance for the obtained occupation.
The evaluation «good» puts the student who has got learned the educational and system material in complete, successfully fulfills this program’s tasks, worked out of the main literature suggested by this program. This is certainly, students who’s got shown the systematic nature of discipline knowledge and it is effective at self-replenishment and updating in the process of further academic work and professional task.
The grades «satisfactory» deserve a student that has discovered the data of this basic educational material to the extent required for further training and future work with a occupation, with the capacity of performing the tasks given to because of the program, knowledgeable about the key literature suggested by this program. This assessment is presented to students who have made flaws in the answer to the exam and in the performance of the exam assignments, but have demonstrated the ability to eliminate them as a rule.
The evaluation is «unsatisfactory» when itcomes to student that has familiarity with gaps which has had resulted in fundamental mistakes when you look at the utilization of the tasks given to because of the program, that is, a student that is struggling to continue education or begin professional activities after graduation without extra learning the appropriate discipline.
Shortcomings of four-point assessment rating and system system
A four-way system for assessing pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities calls for significant enhancement or replacement. Its main disadvantages are: inadequate motivation for the perseverance of educational and cognitive task, because it is targeted on getting at the least knowledge («made up» — «did not make up»); designed for the reproduction of knowledge and thinking (in sessional conditions, quickly accumulated information quickly «weathered»); subjectivity into the assessment of student’s knowledge; inconsistency using the school system, which pupils used as former students, etc.
The rating system of evaluation, which is based on the accumulation of grades for a certain period of study (module, semester, year, whole term of training) for a comprehensive educational and cognitive activity, is becoming increasingly popular along with the four-point traditional system of evaluation of students’ knowledge. The sum these assessments functions as a quantitative indicator of this quality of educational and cognitive activity associated with the student when comparing to the successes of his fellow students.
The score system for evaluating pupils’ knowledge, abilities and abilities is based on the principles that are following
- each discipline that is academic the pupil’s focus on its mastering is evaluated when you look at the credit devices, the total amount of which will be decided by the rating;
- the record associated with pupil’s present work needs to be kept,which can be mirrored within the evaluation that is finalin the units of credits);
- the peculiarities of teaching subjects that are differentcomplexity, importance of discipline into the curriculum) are taken into consideration, that is, the complexity element (significance);
- accessibility to various kinds of control (outgoing, present, intermediate, final);
The student rating for a semester or 12 months is understood to be the average arithmetic regarding the rating for every discipline.
To implement a score system for evaluating students’ knowledge, certain conditions are very important: the readiness of instructors and pupils to perceive them; appropriate organizational and support that is methodological in particular, independent work of pupils is obligatory; introduction of modular training; work accounting in the shape of special tables; application of written verification of knowledge, etc.